Question: What are the 5 theories of mate selection?

Theories of Mate Selection Social homogamy, complementary needs, ideal mate, propinquity theory, and social exchange are all examples of mate selection theories.

What is the ideal mate theory?

Ideal Mate theory attempts to explain attraction from a symbolic interactionst perspective. Attraction is based on a persons unconscious image of the ideal mate formed by their perceptions of the meaning of certain characteristics.

What is the filter theory of mate selection?

The term “filter theory” has been used to describe the processes by which individuals select romantic partners for long-term relationships, such as marriage or nonmarital cohabitation. In this context, individuals make rational choices to narrow their options from many eligible partners to a single partner.

What factors are involved in mate selection?

Both women and men say they want a mate who is kind, understand- ing, dependable, sociable, stable, and intelligent. Personality traits such as these have made their way onto more stmctured instmments designed to assess mate preferences (Buss & Bames, 1986; Hill, 1945; McGinnis, 1958), but not in a systematic fashion.

What is homogamy in mate selection?

There is a principle that has been found to be the most powerful predictor of how we make our dating and mating selection choices—homogamy. Homogamy is the tendency for dates, mates, and spouses to pair off with someone of similar attraction, background, interests, and needs. This is typically true for most couples.

Who is the founder of the filter theory?

Kerchoff and Davies Filter theory is an explanation of attraction proposed by Kerchoff and Davies (1962). This theory suggests that people develop relationships by applying a series of filters, such as similarity of social demographic factors and attitudes and complementarity of needs to narrow down the pool of available candidates.

What is homogamy theory?

The theory of homogamy states that in their potential or actual partners individuals prefer characteristics that are similar to themselves (birds of a feather flock together). According to this theory, individuals prefer in potential partners traits that are similar to those of the opposite sex parent.

What is Homogamy theory?

The theory of homogamy states that in their potential or actual partners individuals prefer characteristics that are similar to themselves (birds of a feather flock together). According to this theory, individuals prefer in potential partners traits that are similar to those of the opposite sex parent.

Is the brain a filter?

With our brains as a filtering device, or “reducing valve” as the brain is sometimes referred to, we can control the access and make effective and purposeful use of the limited amount we access.

What is a complementary theory?

Complementary needs theory is a theory of mate selection that attempts to explain why individuals choose the mates that they do. It suggests that individuals select partners whose needs are opposite and complementary to their own.

What is the theory of propinquity?

The greater the degree of propinquity, the more likely that two people will be attracted to each other and become friends. Propinquity is usually thought of in terms of functional distance—that is, the likelihood of coming into contact with another person—rather than sheer physical distance.

What is a mate in a relationship?

Someones mate is their spouse, partner, boyfriend, or girlfriend. Your grandmothers long-term sweetheart is her mate. Awwww. A husband or wife is one kind of mate, and animals have mates too, chosen for reproduction and sometimes to assist in raising babies.

What is mate selection in marriage?

Mate selection is the process of choosing a partner with whom to form a marriage bond or long-term marriage-like relationship. Among the explanations for mate choice are filter theories, social exchange, sociobiology, needs and values, and matching hypotheses.

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